How Does Child Support Work In Colorado?

Child support in Colorado is governed by Colorado state laws and guidelines designed to ensure that both parents contribute financially to the well-being of their children, regardless of their marital status. Here’s an overview of how child support works in Colorado:

Determining Child Support In Colorado

Child support obligations are determined based on the Colorado Child Support Guidelines, which take into account various factors, including the income of both parents, the number of children involved, and the parenting time arrangement (custody arrangement).

The income of both parents is a crucial factor in calculating child support. This includes wages, self-employment income, rental income, and other sources of income. The guidelines also account for certain deductions, such as federal and state taxes, Social Security taxes, and mandatory retirement contributions.

Child Support Calculations

Colorado uses an Income Shares model, which considers the combined income of both parents and calculates the amount each parent should contribute based on their proportionate share of the combined income.

The guidelines provide a schedule that specifies the basic child support obligation based on income and the number of children. This obligation is then divided between the parents according to their respective incomes.

Deviations from Child Support Guidelines

While the guidelines serve as the starting point for child support calculations, the court may deviate from them if there are specific reasons to do so. These reasons could include high childcare expenses, special needs of the child, or other relevant factors.

The court may also consider adjustments for parenting time if one parent has a significantly higher or lower amount of time with the child.

Enforcement of Child Support Orders

Once a child support order is established, it is legally binding, and both parents are required to comply with it.
The Colorado Child Support Services Program (CSSP) can help enforce child support orders, including wage garnishment, tax intercepts, and other enforcement methods.

Failure to pay child support can result in penalties such as fines, suspension of driver’s licenses, and even imprisonment in extreme cases.

Modification of Child Support In Colorado Orders

Child support orders can be modified if there is a substantial change in circumstances, such as a significant change in income, a change in custody arrangements, or the child’s needs.

Either parent can request a modification of the child support order through the court.

Health Insurance and Childcare Costs

In addition to basic child support, the court may also require one or both parents to provide health insurance and contribute to childcare costs.

It’s important to note that child support laws and guidelines may change over time, so it’s advisable to consult with a family law attorney or the Colorado Child Support Services Program for the most up-to-date information and guidance specific to your situation.


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